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Christmas Gift Guide



UV Meter

Please see the attached UV-Meter.zip for code files.

This simple yet effective project will provide a way to the UV levels in your area, which is helpful to determine what level of sun protection is needed on a particular day. Readings can be displayed on the 7 segment display and are stored on the SD card for easy tracking.

Bill of materials

Qty Code Description
1 XC4410 Arduino Uno
1 XC4536 Datalogging shield
1 XC3714 7 Segment Display Module
1 WB2022 Cat5 solid core cable
1 XC4518 UV sensor module

Software Libraries

Library Author Version
RTCLib Adafruit 1.2.0
SdFat Bill Greiman 1.0.7

Connection table

7Segment Module UNO UV Description
DIN 8   Data to module
CS 9   Chip select
CLK 7   Clock signal
  A1 out Sensor output
VCC 5V + Positive Rail
GND GND - Ground

Notes:

  • ●   Do not connect UV Meter to A4 or A5, as these are needed to talk to the RTC.
  • ●   DIN/CS/CLK has had trouble connecting to the HW SPI on pins 13,12,11. Bit-bang on 9,8,7 is fine for our purposes.

Assembly instructions

Remove Headers

Start by removing all the header pins from the UV Module and the 7 Segment display module. If you haven't done it before, we have a helpful guide here.

Also cut about 10cm of CAT5 cable, and separate the colour coded wires. You can slide them over the corner of a counter to straighten them out, as they will be in twisted pairs and it will be easier to work with if they are straight.

Connect 7SEG module

Strip the end of the copper wires and connect them to the display module. Solder them on (Being sure to use the side that has DIN on it) and trim them with side cutters so they look neat on the module.

Glue in place

Use a hot glue gun to place a small amount of glue on both ends of the header rows on the prototyping shield, furthest away from the SD card slot:

then press the display in place, being sure to clear the solder joints (as shown below)

Solder connections

Solder copper wires to where they must go. The top two connections on the display VCC and GND should connect to 5V and GND respectively. The other 3 wires can go for 7,8 & 9. In whatever order you want, as you can change it in code later too.

Be careful not to use pin 10, as this is the Chip Select pin for the SD Card, needed for when we control the SD card later.

UV Module

The XC3714 module comes with a spare 5 pin header, you can snip this with some side-cutters to make it into a 3 pin header and solder this onto the UV Meter, so that you can mount it upwards on the board ( as below.)

Position the UV meter on the prototyping shield, making sure that none of the contacts on the UV Module are touching the metal SD-card case. You can see on our picture above, that the two solder pads that are in the big circle mark are not touching the SD case. Doing so would cause a short and can potentially ruin the sensor or Arduino. Doing it this way also bridges over the wires nicely.

Connect the + - to 5v and GND and the out signal over to A1. You can use any Analogue sensor except for A4 and A5 for this, as those two are used to talk to the RTC.

Here I used wire on the top side of the board for the nearby 5V and A1, with the Ground signal using the bottom side to go across to Ground.

Programming

No special programming, but the RTC will auto-initialise to your computer time at time of programming if it's not already running.

Use

When you power on the device and leave it in the sun, the digits on the display will show. The 4 digits on the left hand side of the display is the UV reading, and the right hand side is the time (24 hour format). For instance, 0034.08.08. will be the UV reading of 34, at 8 past 8 in the morning. When you insert an SD card, you must reset the unit, and it will mount the SD card and begin writing log files until the SD card is full.

Future Improvements

  • ●   You could add a temperature sensor XC4494 to show a more complete readout of the outside setting.